Evelyn was seventeen years old when she went to the Royal Academy of Music in London.
Her deafness was first noticed when she was eight years old and it was confirmed when she was eleven.
Percussionist Ron Forbes helped Evelyn to continue with music.
He began by tuning two large drums to different notes. He asked her not to listen to them through her ears but to try and sense the sound in some other manner.
Evelyn, with a hectic international schedule, gives solo performances at regular concerts. Apart from these, she gives free concerts in prisons and hospitals. She also accords high priority to classes for young musicians.
Evelyn does not hear music, she feels it. She senses the notes through different parts of her body. Initially, she was encouraged by percussionist Ron Forbes, who tuned two drums to different notes and asked her to sense the sound without using her ears. She realized that she could feel the higher drum from the waist up and the lower drum from the waist down. This exercise helped Evelyn to open up her mind and body to sounds and vibrations.
Evelyn explains that when she plays the xylophone, she senses the sound flowing up the stick and into her fingertips. She leans against the drums, stands barefoot on a wooden platform so that she can feel the vibrations. She says how her whole body including her hair is sensitive to her music and its resonances.
(1) Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia playing flute
(2) Ustad Vilayat Khan playing sitar
(3) M. Lalitha and M. Nandini playing violin
(4)Zakir Hussain playing tabla
(5) Ustad Amjad Ali Khan playing sarod
(6) Maestro Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan playing violin
(7) Ustad Sultan Khan playing sarangi
(8) Ustad Bismillah Khan playing shehnai
|Bismillah Khans feelings about||Positive||Negative||Neutral|
|1.||teaching children music||✓|
|2.||the film world||✓|
|3.||migrating to the U.S.A.||✓|
|4.||playing at temples||✓|
|5.||getting the Bharat Ratna||✓|
|6.||the banks of the Ganga||✓|
|7.||leaving Benaras and Dumraon||✓|
|Bismillah Khans feelings about||Words in the text|
|1.||teaching children music||With the coveted award resting on his chest and his eyes glinting with rare happiness he said, All I would like to say is: Teach your children music, this is Hindustans richest tradition; even the West is now coming to learn our music.|
|2.||the film world||I just cant come to terms with the artificiality and glamour of the film world, he says with emphasis.|
|3.||migrating to the U.S.A.||But Khansaab asked him if he would be able to transport River Ganga as well. Later he is remembered to have said, That is why whenever I am in a foreign country, I keep yearning to see Hindustan.|
|4.||playing at temples||Ustad Bismillah Khans life is a perfect example of the rich, cultural heritage of India, one that effortlessly accepts that a devout Muslim like him can very naturally play the shehnai every morning at the Kashi Vishwanath temple.|
|5.||getting the Bharat Ratna||With the coveted award resting on his chest and his eyes glinting with rare happiness…|
|6.||the banks of the Ganga||…and the banks of the Ganga became the young apprentice’s favourite haunts where he could practise in solitude.|
|7.||leaving Benaras and Dumraon||That is why whenever I am in a foreign country, I keep yearning to see Hindustan. While in Mumbai, I think of only Benaras and the holy Ganga. And while in Benaras, I miss the unique mattha of Dumraon.|
Emperor Aurangzeb banned the playing of the musical instrument called pungi in the royal residence because its sound was shrill and unpleasant.
Shehnai has a better tonal quality than pungi. It is a natural hollow stem pipe with holes on its body and is longer and broader than the pungi. Shehnai is, in a way, an improvement upon the pungi.
Traditionally, the shehnai was part of the naubat or traditional ensemble of nine instruments found at royal courts. Those days, it was played only in temples and weddings. Bismillah Khan changed this by bringing it onto the classical stage.
Bismillah Khan got his big break in 1938 with the opening of the All India Radio in Lucknow. He started playing the shehnai on radio and soon became quite popular.
On 15 August 1947, Bismillah Khan played the Raag Kaafi on his shehnai from the Red Fort. The event was historical because it was on the occasion of India’s Independence from British Rule.
In his initial years, Bismillah used to practice in the temples of Benaras and on the banks of River Ganga. Later, his love for India and Bernaras made him turn down the offer to head a shehnai school in the U.S.A.
The italicised parts answer the questions: What was evelyn determined to do?
and What did Evelyn manage to do? They begin with a to-verb (to live, to conceal).
Use these words in phrases or sentences of your own.Answer:
|adjective||only before noun||not before noun||both before and after the verb be|
Some sentences using these adjectives are:
Here is some information about Kishori Amonkar you can find on the Internet.
Read the passage and make notes of the main points about:
Notes on Kishori Amonkar
(A model answer has been provided for students’ reference. It is strongly recommended that students prepare the answer using their own understanding.)
You may use one of the following phrases to introduce a guest:
I am honoured to introduce…/I feel privileged to introduce…/We welcome you..Answer:
I feel privileged to introduce to you all Padma Bhushan Kishori Amonkar. She has developed her own style that is a variant of Ustad Alladiya Khan’s ‘Jaipur-Atauli gharana’. She is highly inspired by the teachings of the ancient Vedic sages. And her careful research of the raagas has lead her to recreate subtle shades and emotions through her music. Her artistic capabilities have bestowed her with prestigious awards, which include the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1985), the Padma Bhushan (1987) and the highly coveted Sangeet Samradhini Award (1997). Our thanks to her for honouring us with her gracious presence.
(A model answer has been provided for students’ reference. It is strongly recommended that students prepare the answer using their own creativity and understanding.)
You have now read about two musicians, Evelyn Glennie and Ustad Bismillah Khan. Do you think that they both worked hard? Where did they want to go? Answer these questions in two paragraphs, one on each of the two musicians.Answer:
In my opinion, Evelyn Glennie and Ustad Bismillah Khan both worked hard to climb the ladder of success.
Evelyn turned deaf at a very young age. But her determination helped her fulfill her dream of not only becoming a successful musician but also of leading a normal life. Encouraged by the percussionist Ron Forbes, she learnt to feel the vibrations of music though her body. She made her way to the Royal Academy of Music. With her hard work and determination, Evelyn secured most of the awards in the Academy. In 1991, she was presented with the prestigious Soloist of the Year Award by the Royal Philharmonic Society.
Having born into a family of musicians, Ustad Bismillah Khan expressed his interest in music at a young age. He was trained by his uncle and inspired by the flowing waters of the Ganga. He practiced hard in solace of the temples of Balaji and Mangala Maiya. He improved and invented raagas that were earlier deemed to be beyond the scope of the shehnai. His contribution successfully brought the shehnai onto the classical stage. Bismillah Khan was awarded with several national awards including the highest civilian award of India, the Bharat Ratna. His accomplishments gave him worldwide recognition.