Class 10 Syllabus For Science & Maths CBSE Board

Class 10 Science and Maths Syllabus

Class 10 Science Syllabus

Physics

  1. Light-Reflection and Refraction
  • Characteristics of Light
  • Reflection of Light
  • Refraction of Light
  • Spherical Lenses
  1. The Human Eye and the Colourful World
  • Parts of Human Eye
  • Accommodation of an Eye
  • Refraction of Light
  • Dispersion of White Light
  • Scattering of Light
  1. Electricity
  • Electric Charge
  • Electric Current
  • Electric Potential
  • Circuit Diagram
  • OHM's Law
  • Heating Effect of Electric Current
  • Electric Power
  1. Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
  • Magnet and its properties
  • Magnetic field
  • Relation between Electricity and Magnetism
  • Electromagnet
  • Electric Motor
  • Domestic Electric Circuits
  • Direct and Alternating Current
  1. Sources of Energy
  • Conventional Sources of Energy
  • Non-conventional Sources of Energy
  • Biogas Plants
  • Thermal Plants
  • Hydro Power Plants
  • Renewable Sources
  • Non-Renewable Sources

 

Chemistry

  1. Chemical Reactions and Equations
  • Characteristics of Chemical Reactions
  • Balanced and Unbalanced Equations
  • Type of Chemical Reactions
  • Redox Reactions
  1. Acids, Bases and Salts 
  • Indicators
  • Classification
  • Chemical Properties
  • Industrial Uses
  • Some Important Acids, Bases and Salts
  1. Metals and Non-metals 
  • Bonding in Metals
  • Physical Properties
  • Chemical Properties
  • Important Uses
  • Ionic Compounds
  • Metallurgy
  • Alloys
  1. Carbon and its Compounds
  • Bonding in Carbon
  • Allotropes of Carbon
  • Versatile Nature of Carbon
  • Classification of Organic Compounds
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds
  • Soaps and Detergents
  1. Periodic Classification of Elements
  • Periodicity
  • History of Periodic Table
  • Modern Periodic Table
  • Trends in Periodic Properties

 

Biology

  1. Life Processes
  • Nutrition
  • Respiration
  • Transportation
  • Excretion
  1. Control and Coordination 
  • Plant Movements
  • Plant Hormones or Phytohormones
  • Tropism
  • Nervous System
  • Endocrine System
  1. How do Organisms Reproduce? 
  • The Importance of Variation
  • Asexual Reproduction
  • Sexual Reproduction
  • Reproductive Health
  1. Heredity and Evolution 
  • Accumulation of Variations
  • Heredity and Genetics
  • Mendel’s laws
  • Inheritance of Traits
  • Origin of Life
  • Speciation
  • Evolution and Classification
  1. Our Environment
  • Classification of Ecosystem
  • Components of Ecosystem
  • Food Chain and Food Web
  • Effects of Human Interference
  • Waste Management
  1. Management of Natural Resources 
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • 3 R's Strategy
  • Conservation of Wildlife
  • Conservation of Water
  • Conservation of Coal and Petroleum

 

Class 10 Maths Syllabus

  1. Real Numbers
  • Euclid's Division Lemma
  • Euclid's Division Algorithm
  • Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic
  • Irrational Numbers
  • Rational Numbers
  1. Polynomials
  • Classification of Polynomials
  • Zero of a Polynomial
  • Graphical Representation
  • Division Algorithm for Polynomials
  1. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Types of Pair of Linear Equations
  • Methods of solving Linear equations
  1. Quadratic Equations
  • Standard Form of Quadratic Equation
  • Methods of solving Quadratic Equation
  1. Arithmetic Progressions  
  • Introduction
  • General Term of an A.P.
  • Selection of terms of an A.P.
  • Sum of First n Terms of an A.P.
  1. Triangles
  • Similarity of Triangles
  • Thales Theorem
  • Theorems on Similarity of Triangles
  • Areas of Similar Triangles
  • Pythagoras Theorem
  1. Coordinate Geometry  
  • Introduction
  • Distance Formula
  • Section formula
  • Mid-Point Formula
  • Co-ordinates of Some Particular Points
  • Area of a Triangle
  • Area of a Polygon
  1. Introduction to Trigonometry and its Applications
  • Trigonometric Ratios
  • Relation Between Trigonometric Ratios
  • Trigonometric Ratios of Complementary Angles
  • Trigonometric Identities
  1. Applications of Trigonometry
  • Line of Sight
  • Angle of Elevation
  • Angle of Depression
  1. Circles
  • Secant and Tangent
  1. Constructions
  • Division of a Line Segment
  • Construction of a Triangle
  • Construction of Tangents to a Circle
  1. Area Related to Circles
  • Perimeter and Area of a Circle
  • Areas of Sector and Segment of a Circle
  • Areas of Combinations of Plane figures
  1. Surface Areas and Volumes
  • Surface Areas and Volumes of Solids
  • Surface Area of a Combination of Solids
  • Volume of Combination of Solids
  • Conversion of Solid from One Shape to Another
  1. Statistics
  • Mean of grouped data
  • Mode of grouped data
  • Median of grouped data
  • Graphical Representation
  1. Probability
  • Types of probability
  • Outcomes of probability
  • Random Experiment
  • Probability of an event

 

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