Answer: This image shows Indian Brahamanas giving all their spiritual texts to Britania (The symbol of British) so that they can be the protectors of their culture.
My mother's name is Mrs. Bindu.
Source 1 - Reports to the Home Department
In 1946 the colonial government in India was trying to put down a mutiny that broke out on the ships of the Royal Indian Navy. Here is a sample of the kind of reports the Home Department got from the different dockyards:
Bombay: Arrangements have been made for the Army to take over ships and establishment. Royal Navy ships are remaining outside the harbor.
Karachi: 301 mutineers are under arrest and a few more strongly suspected are to be arrested. All establishments are under military guard. Vizagapatnam: The position is completely under control and no violence has occurred. Military guards have been placed on ships and establishments. No further trouble is expected except that a few men may refuse to work.
Director of Intelligence, H.Q. India Command, Situation Report No. 7. File No. 5/21/46 Home (Political), Government of India.
Source 2 - “Not fit for human consumption”
Newspapers provide accounts of the movements in different parts of the country. Here is a report of a police strike in 1946.
More than 2000 policemen in Delhi refused to take their food on Thursday morning as a protest against their low salaries and the bad quality of food supplied to them from the Police Lines kitchen.
As the news spread to the other police stations, the men there also refused to take food. One of the strikers said: “The food supplied to us from the Police Lines kitchen is not fit for human consumption. Even cattle would not eat the Chappattis and dal which we have to eat.”
Hindustan Times, 22 March, 1946.
In the source 1 the reporting is done by government officials, which tells us the actions taken against the mutineers. It doesn't tell us the reason why this type of situation arose.
In the source 2, the reason behind the protests by policemen is given clearly and also about how and when the protests took place. This is an example of neutral reporting and it shows us the real nature of colonial rule.
Answer: To find out about how agriculture changed in a remote tribal area after independence I will have to use the traditional methods of gathering information. These include:
Therefore these are some of the ways I would gather information.
(a) James Mill divided Indian history into three periods—Hindu, Muslim, Christian.
(b) Official documents help us to understand what the people of the country think.
(c) The British thought surveys were important for effective administration.
Answer: The problem with the periodisation of Indian History that James Mill offers is that he divided the Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim and British. However, the periodisation of Indian History on the basis of religion is not feasible for many reasons. For example, many different religions coexisted peacefully when the country was ruled by Hindu kings.
Mill thought that all Asian societies were at a lower level of civilization than Europe. According to him, before the British came to India, religious intolerance, caste taboos and superstitious practices dominated social life under the rule of Hindu and Muslim despots. Mill felt that only British rule could civilize India and to do this it was necessary to introduce European manners, arts, institutions and laws in India.
Answer: The British believed that by preserving official documents, it would be easier for them or any other persons to know about the decisions taken in the past. One can study the notes and reports that were prepared in the past. Their copies may be prepared and used in present time if needed so.
Answer: Usually, the newspaper reports are not biased. These reports explain the fact as it was. Most of the time, these do not try to manipulate the event. These represent the true story of the event with every detail. On the other hand, the official reports are usually biased. These are written as per the will of the senior officials. These reports may carry the biased view of the reporting police officer. Thus if the historians are based only on the police reports, they may become misguided.