Answer :Marginalization is the social process of being confined to a lower social standing. Marginalization involves people being denied their fundamental rights which results in lowering their economic and social status.
Marginalisation of any group or a person can be because of many reasons like :
Answer :Dadu was forced to leave his village in Orissa because he was told by forest officials and contractors that the forest was not theirs. These officials and contractors cut down a large part of it.
Then they beat and threatened Dadu till eventually he was forced to sell and abandon the land of his forefathers. They had the support of the authorities.
I am living in a village. I was told that S.C. and S.T. people of my village are Marginalized groups. But later due to economic reasons many people irrespective of caste came under this categarization.
i)Can you name some Adivasi communities that live in your state?
ii)What languages do they speak?
iii)Do they live close to the forest?
iv)Do they migrate to other regions looking for work?
i) My state is Andhra Pradesh. Twelve tribes namely Bodo Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Bondo Poraja, Khond Poroja, Parangiperja, Chenchu, Dongaria Khonds, Kuttiya Kondhs, Kolam, Kondareddis, Konda Savaras, and Thoti have been recognized as Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) of Andhra pradesh.
ii) Gondu, Kolami, Koya, Kuvi, Kui, Yerukala, Savara, Parji, Kupia, Konda and Adivasi Odiya languages
iii) Yes, they live closely to the forest because their livelihood depends upon the forest.
iv)Adivasis do migrate to other regions looking for work.
Answer :Metals important in present-day India are – Iron, manganese, aluminium, copper, gold, silver, etc.
These are important for the development of our country. Iron is used to make machines, agricultural instruments, automobiles, etc. Copper is used to making electrical wires. Aluminium is used to make aeroplanes. Gold and silver are used to make ornaments.
Metals are found beneath the earth which is extracted through mining. They are concentrated mainly in the states of Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, etc.
Yes, the Adivasi populations reside in the above-mentioned states.
The demand mentioned in the question above is made by the state (political force) and private industry.
This poem is trying to convey when Adivasis were forced to leave their land they lost their sources of livelihood and went through various hardships. They had no means of livelihood anymore. Finally, they decided to go to Assam in search of a job as they heard from someone that there are huge tea gardens.
When they reach Assam all their dreams shattered since there they experienced more hardships. The supervisors order them (labourers) to do more and more work. Labourers are often beaten by their masters. If any labour tries to run away, the master (Babu) sent four-person behind him.
The Adivasis (labourers) experienced much worst life as they are tortured by the Babus on a tea plantation. Adivasis regret their decision of coming to Assam. In conclusion, the life of Adivasis did not improve but degraded day by day No hopes left for them.
Adivasis live in close association with forests. They have a deep knowledge of and access to most of the vast tracts of forests and forest resources. Adivasis also suggest certain ways or measures through which they can continue to live in their land and the government or private industries can also practice mining, agriculture, construction, etc.
Adivasis can also provide us information about the valuable medicinal herbs and other products found in the forests. Therefore, Adivasis should have a say in how their forests and forest lands are used.
Answer :Safeguards are needed for minorities:
Sikhs have the most access to the basic amenities while Muslims have the least access to the basic amenities.
Jains have the highest literacy rate (86%) while Muslims have the lowest literacy rate (57%).
In comparison to the total population of Muslims in India, the percentage of public employment is quite less. In-State PSU the representation of the Muslim community is better. But their percentage in IAS, IPS, IFS, Central Public Sector Unit (PSU), Bank, and RBI is less.
25 percent of Muslim children in the 6-14 years age group have either never been, enrolled in school or have dropped out. This percentage is much higher than that of any other socio-religious community (Page No. 58).
Yes, special measures are required to address this situation. Awareness has to be made in the Muslim community regarding literacy. They should be encouraged to send their children to schools.
She is trying to convey that in our society discrimination prevails between different religious groups or communities, which often converts into communal riots. It leads to bloodshed, loss of life and property. It also generates fear and hatred between different religious groups. Due to fear of death or losing dear ones, people try to hide their identity from other religious groups.
Answer :The word ‘marginalisation’ simply means exclusion from the mainstream.
Marginalisation of any community or a person can be because of many reasons like
Marginalisation is linked to experiencing disadvantage, prejudice, poverty and powerlessness. It is a complex phenomenon which results into a low social status, not having equal access to education and other resources.
Answer :The two reasons why Adivasis are becoming increasingly marginalised are:
Answer :The Constitution's safeguards to protect minority communities are very important because they ensure that India's cultural diversity is protected from becoming largely unitary and they also help to promote equality and justice to all.
Answer :Minority is the term which means the communities which are small in number in comparison to the communities which are more in number.
For example, Muslims are in minority in comparison to Hindus.
Answer :Two reasons in support of the statement "Muslims are a marginalized community":
The three things I would tell a friend about the Adivasis in India would be:
Adivasis are a primitive community living in and/or near forests:
Yes, economic and social marginalisations are interlinked. This can be described by the following: