Answer: Marathas challenged Mughal authority for the longest time in Aurangzeb’s reign .
Answer: Economy is most important thing for any economy. If it fails, even the mighty king couldn’t be able to pay salaries neither in cash nor in kind. So rich and powerful people rob the poor in all forms. An anarchic situation exists in society. No proper order and rules are being over-ruled. The worst situation is people die out of hunger.
Answer: The Mughal Subadars wanted to control the offices of Diwan, so they could appoint their loyals instead of the workers in Diwan offices appointed by the Mughals and stop Mughal's influence in their province.
Answer: Steps to be taken to make the position strong in our province:
Opposition/Problems to be faced while doing so:
|1)subadar||a)a revenue farmer|
|2)faujdar||b)a high noble|
|4)misl||d)Maratha peasant warriors|
|5)chauth||e)a Mughal military commander|
|6)kunbis||f)a band of Sikh warriors|
|7)umara||g)tax levied by the Marathas|
|2)faujdar||b)a Mughal military commander|
|3)ijaradar||c)a revenue farmer|
|4)misl||d)a band of Sikh warriors|
|5)chauth||e)tax levied by the Marathas|
|6)kunbis||f)Maratha peasant warriors|
|7)umara||g)a high noble|
Answer: Sa’adat Khan held the offices of Subadari, diwani and faujdari. In other words, he was responsible for managing the political, financial and military affairs of the province of Awadh.
Answer: The Nawabs of Awadh and Bengal tried to do away with the jagirdari system to prevent cheating as well as the Mughal influence in their kingdoms. The Nawabs of Awadh reduced the size of jagirsand appointed his own loyal servants to vacant positions. The accounts of jagirdars were checked to prevent cheating and the revenues of all districts were reassessed by officials appointed by the Nawab’s court.In an effort to reduce the Mughal influence in Bengal, Murshid Quli Khan transferred all Mughal jagirdars to Orissa and ordered a major reassessment of the revenues of Bengal.
Answer: Organisation of Sikhs in the 18th century:
Answer: The Marathas wanted to expand beyond the Deccan in order to control trade and agriculture and therefore receive tribute. Moreover, expansion would bring enormous power and resources to the empire.They also earned untold booty and resources from the wars they fought. Therefore, they wanted to expand beyond Deccan.
Answer: Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah founded the state of Hyderabad and gained control of financial and political administration:
Answer: One example:
Answer: Architecture and culture associated with the new courts of the following:
Awadh, Bengal or Hyderabad.
|Architecture||No trace||No trace||No trace is seen|
|Culture||Consolidation of power through making the power strong. Decentralisation of revenue collection. New social growth emerged.||Considerable change in zamindari system. Close collection between state and bankers||Welfare of the people in the mind|