Answer: Paper was more expensive in thirteenth century and easily available in fourteenth century.
Answer: Economic, Social changes are rampant in the town I am living due to technological advancement in changing times. Education has changed many lives and brought many people above the social ladder.
Answer: Rulers have made such claims to show their power. They protected their kingdom with their courage and power. The rulers wanted to conquer and save the land so that they could do their work like agriculture, construction of buildings and factories and many more. They also govern the area that they have won in war. Such claim helped the rulers to have their hegemony on other land and increase their ruling territory.
Answer: Yes, most of the languages have changed over time.
In 1318 the poet Amir Khusrau noted that there was a different language in every region of this land.
Sindhi: Presently,It is the official language of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
Lahori: Now it has been replaced by Urdu language.
Kashmiri: Now It is the official language of Jammu and Kashmir.
Dvarsamudri (in southern Karnataka): Currently Kannada is the official language of Karnataka.
Telangani (in Andhra Pradesh): Now it has become Telugu.
Gujari (in Gujarat): It is Gujarathi now.
Ma‘bari (in Tamil Nadu): Now Tamil is an official language of Tamil Nadu.
Gauri, (in Bengal) : Bengali is an official language of West Bengal
Awadhi (in eastern Uttar Pradesh):It is primarily spoken in the Awadh region of present-day Uttar Pradesh, India.
Hindawi (in the area around Delhi): Now Hindi,Punjabi and Englishis being used in areas around Delhi.
Answer: The Khilji dynasty was a Turko-Afghan dynasty which ruled on the Delhi sultanate, covering large parts of the Indian subcontinent for nearly three decades between 1290 and 1320.
Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century.
Answer: Pan regional Empire is a nation which influences other regions, actions completely or partially. My state Andhra Pradesh is part of pan regional empires like Mauryan empire, Rashtrakutas, Vijayanagara empire, and Mughal empire for about 2000 years.
Answer: I would choose social and political history. It would be interesting to find out the history of social and political changes because:
Answer: In the past, a person who was a stranger or who was not a part of the society or culture was considered to be a ‘foreigner’.
(a) We do not find inscriptions for the period after 700.
(b) The Marathas asserted their political importance during this period.
(c) Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out of their lands with the spread of agricultural settlements.
(d) Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam, Manipur and Kashmir.
(a) False; Historians rely on coins, inscriptions, architecture and textual records for information for the study of period from 700 to 1750.
(d) False; Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban (1266-1287) ruled a vast empire that stretched from Bengal (Gauda) in the east to Ghazni (Gajjana) in Afghanistan in the west and included all of south India (Dravida).
Answer: The new technologies that made their appearance during this period were-
Answer: Some of the major religious developments during this period include:
(i) Worship of new deities.
(ii) Building of new temples by the royalty.
(iii) Increasing importance of Brahmanas; the priests, as dominant groups in society.
(iv) The emergence of the idea of bhakti among people.
(v) Appearance of many new religions like Islam.
(vi) Teachings of the holy Quran were brought by the merchants and the migrants in India.
Answer: The meaning of the term ‘Hindustan’ has changed over the past centuries in the following different ways:
(i) In the 13th century, the term ‘Hindustan’ was used for the first time by Minhaj-i Siraj, a thirteenth century Persian chronicler. With this term, he meant the areas of Punjab, Haryana and the lands between the Ganga and Yamuna.
(ii) During the 14th century, the term ‘Hind’ was used by Amir Khusrau to refer to the culture and people of the Indus river.
(iii) During the early 16th century, Babar used the term ‘Hindustan’ to describe the culture, geography and fauna of the inhabitants of the sub-continent.
Thus, earlier, the term "Hindustan" was used to represent the geographical and cultural entity but it did not carry the political and national meanings which we associate with it today.
Answer: People belonging to Jatis (the sub-castes) were ranked on the basis of occupations and backgrounds. The affairs of Jatis were regulated in the following ways:
Answer: During the medieval period, there was enormous diversity among the distinctive regions of the subcontinent.
Each region had its own geographical dimensions, own language, and cultural characteristics.
These regions were associated with specific ruling dynasties.
There was a considerable conflict between these states.
Therefore, the empires that ruled or controlled such diverse regions, were called the pan-regional empires.
For example, dynasties like the Cholas, Khaljis, Tughluq, and Mughals were able to build the pan-regional empire
Answer: Manuscripts in the early days were handwritten. Writers used palm leaves as paper for writing manuscripts. The historians used to copy down those manuscripts. Different historians presented their version in their own way as many of the words or sentences were beyond their understanding. So they copied what they understood. Later it was difficult to recognize which one was the original manuscript. Historians interpreted the facts as per the manuscripts which they got. Hence we find a number of facts with different illustrations in history.
Answer: Yes, the historians face a lot of problems because economic and social factors do not exist in a stasis, they have a tendency to change constantly. In the period from 700 to 1750, Indian history witnessed a considerable change. After all, the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries were quite different from the eighth or the eleventh. Therefore, describing the entire period as one historical unit is not without its problems. Moreover, the “medieval” period is often contrasted with the ‘modern’ period. The term ‘modernity’ implies a sense of material and intellectual progress. This further implies that there was no progress before, which is not true. This seems to suggest that the medieval period was lacking in any change whatsoever. But we know that this was not the case.
Answer: Comparison of either map.1 or map.2 with present day map of the sub-continent.
- Kanauj in UP is spelt as Qanauj.
- Coastal areas are surprisingly detailed.
- Other inland areas are distorted.