Answer:All these pictures are associated with health.
These pictures relate to:
Availability of clean drinking water
|India has the largest number of medical colleges in the world and is among the largest producers of doctors. Approximately more than 30,000 new doctors qualify is every year.||Most doctors settle in urban areas. People in rural areas have to travel long distances to reach a doctor. The number of doctors with respect to the population much less in rural areas.|
|Healthcare facilities have grown substantially over the years. In 1950, there were only 2,717 government hospitals in India. In 1991, there were 11,174 hospitals. In 2017, the number grew to 23,583.||About five lakh people die from tuberculosis every year. This number is almost unchanged since Independence! Almost two million cases of malaria are reported every year and this number isn’t decreasing.|
|India gets a large number of medical tourists from many countries. They come for treatment in some of the hospitals in India that compare with the best in the world.||We are not able to provide clean drinking water to all. 2l percent of all communicable diseases are water borne. For example, diarrhoea, worms, hepatitis, etc.|
|India is the third largest producer of medicines in the world and is also a large exporter of medicines.||Half of all children in India do not get adequate food to eat and are undernourished.|
Answer:The titles can be:
Advancement in health care
The health situation in India
There are many developments like:
The largest number of medical colleges in the world.
Approximately more than 30,000 new doctors qualify every year.
About 23583 hospitals by the year 2017.
Extension of medical tourism due to the low cost of treatments.
The fourth-largest producer of medicines.
The following are some of the drawbacks of our healthcare:
Most doctors settle in urban areas, fewer doctors in rural areas.
Two million cases of malaria and five lakh cases of tuberculosis every year.
Water-borne communicable diseases like diarrhoea, hepatitis on the rise. About 21% have no access to clean water.
Half of all children are malnourished.
Private health on the rise and the Public health care system has not grown as per the need.
In order to prevent and treat illnesses, we need appropriate healthcare facilities:
They are health centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing, ambulance services, blood banks, etc.
They can provide the required care and services that patient’s need.
In order to run these facilities, we need health workers, nurses, qualified doctors, and other health professionals who can advise, diagnose, and treat illnesses.
Healthcare Services in India
We also need medicines and equipment that are necessary for treating patients.
India has a large number of doctors, clinics, and hospitals.
It also has considerable experience and knowledge, in running a public healthcare system. This system of hospitals and health centres is run by the government.
It has the ability to look after the health of a large section of its population scattered over lakhs of villages.
There has been a phenomenal improvement in medical sciences with many new technologies and treatment procedures.
Answer:I would pronounce the judgement with due compensation to Hakim Sheik. I would also heavily fine the delinquent hospitals as a deterrent punishment for dereliction of duty.
Answer:We generally go to private nursing homes.
Non-availability of expert doctors on the spot.
The high cost of treatment.
No proper guidance and information.
Answer:Problems faced by Aman are:
Proper and strict administration can get the hospital’s work in a better manner.
Answer:Ranjan had to spend so much money because of the following reasons:
He took treatment at a private nursing home.
He had to purchase medicines from the open market.
He spent money on consultation, tests, etc.
Private hospitals are not owned or controlled by the government.
Patients have to- pay a lot of money for every service.
Sometimes incorrect practices are encouraged where patients undergo unnecessary treatments or tests.
Answer:The tax money paid to the government is used for providing public services for all citizens.
Services like defence, police judiciary, highways, etc.
Developmental programmes like education, health care employment, social welfare.
Vocational training for the needy.
Rehabilitation after natural disasters.
Space, nuclear, or missile programmes.
Services to the poor by subsidies on basic amenities.
(a) In what ways is the public health system meant for everyone?
(b) List some Primary Health Centres (PHCs) or hospitals near your place. From your experience (or by visiting any one of them), find out the facilities provided and the people who run the centre.
(a) Public health system is meant for everyone in the following ways:
Numerous hospitals, primary health centres, dispensaries, family welfare centres.
No fee charged.
No restrictions on anyone.
Free supply of medicine.
(b)Primary health care centre near my house is the Sadar Hospital. This is the government
hospital and I visited here last week.
The facilities were given to the patients and in case of emergency, ambulance were present for referral. However, the issue point in this was the cleanliness of the hospital.
Answer:Private healthcare is the private
ownership of a private health service like hospitals and clinics etc.
They can mean many things in the following ways;
(i) A social service.
(ii) A business
A wide range of private health facilities exists in our country.
Countless doctors run their own private clinics.
In rural areas, one finds Registered Medical Practitioners (RMP).
Urban areas have a large number of doctors, many of them provide specialised services.
There are hospitals and nursing homes that are privately owned.
There are many laboratories that do tests and offer special facilities like X-ray, ultrasound, etc.
There are also medicines for selling shops. They are called chemist shops or stores.
Answer:Healthcare is now becoming more and
more costly due to various reasons. And if we deal with these reasons then we will be
able to reduce the prices of healthcare services.
Those reasons are:
Answer:Article 47 makes improvement of public health a primary duty of State as part of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP). Article 47 of the Constitution of India deals with Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
Answer:Different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all:
|Private||Cost of services is high||Easily available||Generally good|
|Public||Cost of services is low||Take long time with long queues||Generally poor|
Answer:It is true that 'improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’