(i) Early man was frightened of
(a) lightning and volcanoes
(b) the damage caused by them
(a) Fire is energy.
(b) Fire is heat and light.
(c) Fire is the result of a chemical reaction.Answer:
(c) Fire is the result of a chemical reaction.
(i) That is fire
(ii) A chemical reaction takes place
(iii) Energy in the form of heat and light is released.
(iv) Oxygen combines with carbon and hydrogen.
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(iv) (iii) (ii) (i)Answer:
(iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
Every fuel has a particular temperature. The temperature at which it begins to burn is called ‘flash point of a fuel.
(i) What are some common uses of fire ?
(ii) In what sense is it a “bad master”?Answer:
(i) Fire is commonly used to cook our food, warm our homes in winter and to generate electricity.
(ii) It is a bad master if it gets out of control. Then it burns the things which it engulfs.
Three things are needed to make fire-fuel, oxygen and heat. First as three things are needed to start a fire, there are three main ways in which a fire can be put out. In each, one of the three things needed for burning is taken away. For example, we can take away the fuel. If the fire has no fuel to feed on, no burning can take place. The second way of putting out a fire is to prevent oxygen from reaching it. No supply of oxygen means no fire. The third way is to remove the heat. If the temperature can be brought down below the flash point, the fuel stops burning.
(i) To burn paper or a piece of wood
(ii) Small fires can be put out
(iii) When water is spread on fire
(iv) A carbon dioxide extinguisher is the best thing
(v) Space left between buildings
(i) To burn paper or a piece of wood — we heat it before it catches fire.
(ii) Small fires can be put out — with a damp blanket.
(iii) When water is spread on fire — it absorbs heat from the burning material and lowers the temperature.
(iv) A carbon dioxidc extinguisher is the best thing — to put out an electrical fire.
(v) Space left between buildings — reduces the risk of fire.
When we blow on a burning candle,we remove the hot air around the flame. This causes fall in temperature below the flash point. So, the candle goes out.
If water is sprayed onto an oil fire, the oil will float on the top and continue to burn. Water can carry oil with it and continue to burn. Water should also not be used on fires caused by electrical appliances. The person might get an electric shock and get killed.
At home we can prevent the fire if all the electrical appliances are earthed and insulated. There should always be a bucket of sand to put out.small fires. In the school, the training should be given to students how to put out fire. The school should also have fire extinguishers which should always be ready for use.
To burn paper or a piece of wood, we heat it before it catches fire. We generally do it with a lighted match. Every fuel has a particular temperature at which it burns. The verbs in italics are in the simple present tense. When we use it, we are not thinking only about the present. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general. Find ten examples of verbs in the simple present tense in the text ‘Fire: Friend and Foe’ and write them down here. Do not include any passive verbs.Answer:
You may use a word more than once.
carbon , cause , fire , smother
(i) Gandhiji’s life was devoted to the ………………… of justice and fair play.
(ii) Have you insured your house against ……………………?
(iii) Diamond is nothing but …………………….. in its pure form.
(iv) If you put too much coal on the fire at once you will … ………. it.
(v) Smoking is said to be the main……………. of heart disease
(vi) When asked by an ambitious writer whether he should put some ………………… into his stories, Somerset Maugham murmured, “No, the other way round”.
(vii) She is a ……… ……………….. copy of her mother.
(viii) It is often difficult to ……………………. a yawn when you listen to a long speech on the value of time.Answer:
(i) You were required to keep all the doors open, not ………………
(ii) PUPIL : What mark did I get in yesterday’s Maths test ?
TEACHER. You got what you get when you add five and five and ………………. ten from the total.
(iii) Run four kilometres a day to preserve your health. Run a lot more to …………….. it.
(iv) If a doctor advises a lean and lanky patient to reduce his weight further, be sure he is doing it to …………………. his income.
(v) The world is too much with us; late and soon, Getting and ……………lay waste our powers. Words worthAnswer:
across, along, past, through
(i) The cat chased the mouse ………………….. the lawn.
(ii) We were not allowed to cross the frontier. So we drove ……………….. it as far as we could and came back happy
(iii) The horse went ……….. …………. the winning post and had to be stopped with difficulty
(iv) It is not difficult to see ………………….. your plan. Anyone can see your motive.
(v) Go ……… the yellow line, then turn left. You will reach the post office in five minutes.Answer:
(i) and eighteen fire tenders struggled/the fire began on Monday/to douse the blaze till morning
(ii) in a major fire/over 25 shops/were gutted
(iii) but property/was destroyed/worth several lakhs/no casualties were reported.Answer:
(i) The fire began on Monday and eighteen fire tenders struggled to douse the blaze till morning.
(ii) Over 25 shops were gutted in a major fire.
(iii) No casualties were reported but property worth several lakhs was destroyed.
Paragraph The fire began on Monday. Over 25 shops were gutted in a major fire. Till morning, eighteen fire tender, struggled to douse the blaze. No casualties were reported but property worth several lakhs was destroyed.
Fire Station Goes Up in Flames A fire chief was embarrassed when a station without a smoke alarm went up in flames. The building and a fire engine were destroyed in the blaze. Nobody was injured in the fire that was tackled by 30 firefighters in six fire engines from neighbouring towns.Answer:
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