Answer: Sanskrit was used to compose the Vedas.
Answer: Buddha was trying to tell the sorrowing mother that death will come to all. No one can escape death.
Answer: The beggar told the sages that when universal soul fills the whole world, it fills him too as he is the part of the universe. By not giving him food, the sages are actually denying food to the universal soul. Hence, the sages realised the truth of what the beggar said, and shared their food with him.
Answer: The term Jina used for Mahavire because at the age of 42 he attained the highest spiritual knowledge. Therefore, he is called the Jina or Conqueror of Self.
Answer: The differences between the sanghas described in the chapter 5 and chapter 6 were-
Similarities between both the Sanghas were: In Sanghas of chapter 5, women, slaves and Kammakaras could not participate in these assemblies. In Sanghas of chapter 6, to join Sanghas women, children had to take the permission of their parents and husbands respectively.
|In the sangha, all people were allowed to join, whether women or slaves. They had to take permission from their parents, husbands, or masters respectively.||Only brahmins, Kshatriya. and vaishyas were expected to follow the ashramas. Shares were not allowed. Women had to fellow tilt ashram n of their husbands|
|The members were expected to lead a life of celibacy once they joined the sangha.||One of the air images was the grihastha ashram-t when they had to marry and live as a householder|
|The members had to be on the move, preaching and teaching the people, except during the rainy season.||The first two ashramas, the brahmacharya, and grihastha were spent at home.|
|The members had to go out and beg for food.||They lived in the family for the first two stages and there was no need to beg.|
The four varnas are the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, and Vaishyas The fourth were the Shudras. Only Brahmin, Kshatriya, and Vais’nya men were expected to follow the ashramas.
I: Father, I wish to listen to the sermons which will be delivered by Lord Mahavira.
Father: You are too young to hear religious discourses.
I: But father he does not give religious sermons. He mainly tells about the way of life.
Father: If you are so keen to hear him, tell me one thing about him.
I: I know that he tells about ahimsa or non-injury. We should kill any animal for food. I want to know more about him. Father, have you not heard the pitiful cries of the animals when they are killed.
Father: If my child you are so keen to go then we will go with you.
Answer: The Buddha preached about life being full of suffering and unhappiness. He spoke of ‘tanha’ the desire to have more. He taught about ‘Karma’our actions which affect us in the current life and also in the later lives. He taught people to be kind and to respect the lives of others. He used the language of the ordinary people, Prakrit, to talk to them.
Answer: The main teachings of Mahavira are :
Answer: We think that Anagha’s mother wanted her to know the story of the Buddha because the story of the Buddha would tell her about Buddha’s life as well as about his teachings and ideas.
Answer: Those who wanted to join the sangha had to take permission from their parents or their masters. If the slave wanted to join the sangha, they had to take the permission of their masters. The masters would not give permission easily, because the slaves worked very hard and did not get any wages. So it was difficult for the islands to join the sangha.
Answer: A list of five ideas and questions mentioned in the lesson:
Selection and discussion of three ideas and questions mentioned in the above list:
Answer: It is very important even today to know the true meaning of life. Because this idea will make us truthful. We will lead a simple life. A simple way of life takes us towards honesty and makes us peaceful. This way of life also takes us nearer to God or Brahma.
Answer: Gautam, the Buddha taught us that worldly life is full of suffering and unhappiness. This is caused because we have cravings and desires (which generally cannot be fulfilled). Sometimes, even if we get what we desire, we are not satisfied and want even more (or other things). This is tanha or Trishna or thirst. This craving could be removed by the following moderation in everything.
Answer: Ahimsa or Non-violence’s word meaning is not killing any other living person, creature, cattle, or insect. Ahimsa is useful even today. It makes us kind and teaches us to respect the fives of others, including animals.
Answer: Religious saints, monks, nuns, philosophers, jainmunnies (rien as well as women), men and women who have joined the Buddha- Sangha renounce the world even today.
They live in ashrams, vihars, sanghas, dargah as or lonely places of meditation or worship. Some of them even live in remote forests or near some permanent rivers or on the peak of mountains. They meditate most of the time.They wear very simple clothes or clothes of particular colour and design.
Generally, they eat vegetarian food, simple rice or chapatis along with milk, fruit, vegetables, and pulses.They renounce the world because they feel that only those who leave their homes can gain true knowledge.