Answer: Yes, It is important to preserve old buildings because every old building has historical and cultural value. They help in the development of the culture of community. It helps in preservation of one’s heritage and traditions. It helps archaeologists in understanding our past.
Answer: The differences between the houses are
Answer: The people who lived in the city were
Mehrgarh was one of the earliest villages. Here the people had learnt to grow cotton, barley and wheat and rear sheep and goats.Here craftsperson like weavers, farmers, herders, tool makers, ornament makers, pot makers were existed.
Answer: Those villages belong to Stone Age. No metal was used in those villages. They used stones to make tools. There was no knowledge about weights in that period.
Answer: Goods were carried from one place to another through animals or by wheeled vehicles drawn by animals. The modes of transport used by the Harappans were bullock carts. The evidence of bullock carts was terracotta toys which were available in the sites of Harappa.
No, we did not come across any wheeled vehicles in the earlier lessons. The discovery of wheel happened just before Harappan civilization.
Answer: Today seals are used to stamp bags or packets containing goods that were sent from one place to another. If the seal was intact, one could be sure that arrived good is safe. These days seals are used by banks or government to seal houses, properties, etc.,.
Answer: A large number of objects were buried along with kings dead bodies show their belief in life after death. These include food, drinks, animals, clothes, ornaments, weapons, slaves. I do not think these things would have been needed after death.
Answer: Most probably this was the body of a chief because he had a different type of burial from file rest of the people. He was found buried in a large, four-legged clay jar in the courtyard of a five-roomed house (one of the largest houses at the site) in the centre of the settlement.
This house also had a granary. The body had a cross-legged position where as others were buried in the ground, laid out straight, with head towards the north.
Answer: Charaka mentions in his book Charaka Samhita that the human body has 360 bones. Charaka arrived at this figure by counting the teeth, joints, and cartilage. He may have made a detailed study of the skeletal remains of the human body. He may have taken bony structure from the burial places.
Answer: Archaeologists have found seeds of wheat, barley, rice, pulses, millets, peas, and sesame. Bones of a number of animals, many bearing cut marks that show that they have been used as food have also been found. They include cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, dog, horse; ass, pig, sambhar, Antelope hare, and mongoose, besides birds, crocodiles, turtles, crab, and fish.
There is evidence that fruits such as ber, amla, Jamun dates, and varieties of berries were collected. From this, we can conclude that the main occupation of the people.
Answer: The “Raja” of the Rigveda did not live in palaces. They did not have capital, cities, and armies, as the Chinese kings of the same time.
Answer: We would travel for lothal to mohenjodaro by walk. My parents would have carried some cotton clothes, mud pottery filled with wheat, barley, meat to use them during journey. In Mohenjodaro I would have seen public bath, great granary, citadel, planned city grid architecture with proper drainage system.
Answer: The chief had died last night. The whole community had gathered near his house to pay their last homage. Maybe they are wearing white-coloured clothes. In the fields outside people had collected things needed for the burial. The fire is lighted and some people are cooking food.
Maybe the rice is being cooked along with vegetables in the mud pot or they may be cooking that food which was relished by the chief. The people may be chanting the holy prayers; otherwise, there was silence all around.
Answer: Traces of cotton cultivation were found in Mehrgarh. Actual pieces of cloth have been found in Mohenjodaro, attached to the lid of a silver vase and some copper objects. Spindle whorls which are used to spin thread were also available in some places. Through all these evidences archaeologists came to a conclusion that cloth was used in Harappa.
Answer: 1-c, 2-d, 3-b, 4-a
Answer: Metals, writing, the wheel and the plough were important for the Harappans because of following reasons:
Metals like copper, tin, bronze were used for making tools, weapons and gold is used for making ornaments.
Writing was important as a source of communication.
Wheel was important for pottery and used for drawing carts
Plough was used in agriculture for digging and turning the soil and planting seeds.
Answer: Terracota toys like animal figures, model cart, model plough were mentioned in the lesson.
Children love playing with toys. Even today children play with many number of toys.
Answer: People of Harappa ate various types of grains like:
Answer: The life of farmers and herders of harappan cities is different from their predecessors in many ways:
In terms of TOOLS, Harappans were using wooden tools like plough for turning the soil and planting seeds whereas earlier farmers and herders used tools like mortar and pestle made of bones.
In terms of IRRIGATION, Harappans used where as not in use during earlier period
In terms of STORAGE, Harappans used well built granaries which were evident in Harappa and Mohenjodarowhere as earlier farmers used clay pots and baskets.
In terms of RESIDENCE, planned cities were present during Harappan Civilization where as no planned cities during early phase.
Answer: The important buildings in our village are Government high school, Government Hospital and a Public library.
Government high school is located in the centre of the village. It provides education to students from class 6 to class 10.
Government Hospital is located on the outskirts of the village. It is the only Primary Health Centre in our surroundings. It provides medical facilities to patients.
A public library is located in the centre of the village. It provides physical and digital access to resources for all sections of the village.
Answer: Old buildings in our locality were temples constructed during 9th – 10th century by Eastern Chalukyas. They are now looked after by archaeology department of India.
|a) Stone boulder
|d) Used in battles
Answer: 1-c, 2-d, 3-b, 4-e, 5-a
Answer: The main difference between today’s books and rigvedic books are:
Answer: Archaeologists found that in some burials the skeletons found were buried with lots of pots, food and some with fewer pots. So they concluded that people were buried according to the status.
Answer: The raja was on the highest position while Dasa/Dasi was on the lowest position. Dasa was use as slaves for work, they were treated as the property of owners. Actually they were captured during wars and made slaves.
Answer: The five books on religion are:
आओ बच्चों तुम्हें दिखाएँ
झाँकी हिंदुस्तान की|
इस मिट्टी से तिलक करो,
ये धरती है बलिदान की
We heard the poem and learned it by heart with the help of a teacher.
Answer: In the Rig-Veda, people were described in terms of the work they did and the language they spoke. In the table below fill the names of six people you know, three men and three women. For each of them, mention the work they do and the language they speak Would you like to add anything else to the description.
|1. Teacher in my school (female)
|English and Hindi
|Sometimes they act the scene with the help of the children.
|2. Doctors (Male)
|Gives medical treatment
|Generally Hindi sometimes English
|Sometime gives a dose of injection.
|3. Vegetables Sellers (Male)
|Gives extra chillies
|4. Maid-Servant (Female)
|Does Households work
|Very often takes leaves
|5. Driver (Male)
|Drive our car
|Drop us to schools
|6. Salesgirl in the Shop (Female)
|Display the goods in the shops and show them to customers
|English and Hindi.
|Tries to sell the goods as quickly as possible