Answer:The work that people are doing includes:
|Work-related to farming||Work not related to agriculture|
A Person herding cows and sitting under a tree in a day time and singing for satisfaction.
Farmers doing the aftermath work of harvesting.
Village people doing the daily chores in a day like cleaning, bringing water, brooming, taking care of children etc...
Raman is a labourer. He sprays pesticide on the sapling.When there is no work on the farm, he finds work loading sand from the river or stone from the quarry.
He also helps to get grocery for the household.
Answer:Agricultural labourers are forced to work for very little wages because there is no other kind of work in the village. Secondly, the labourers have the assurance that they will be again called back to work.
Answer:If Thulasi had owned some farmland she would have cultivated her field, with little outside help at the time of harvesting. The whole produce and the money she got after selling would have belonged to her. If she had purchased seeds and fertilizers from the traders on loan, she will have to pay it back.
Answer:Rice is cultivated in my region. The labourers do the following work: ploughing the field, planting the sapling, filling the fields with water, transplanting the sapling, weeding and harvesting.
Answer:No, Thulasi can't earn money throughout the year because during summer season she has to be work-free in a village. So for livelihood she might be forced to migrate to the nearby towns.
Answer:Sekar’s family work in the field like cultivating and growing crops. Sekar does not usually employ labourers for doing farming work because he owns a very small plot of land and it is cultivated by him and his family. If outside help is needed at the time of harvesting, he exchanges his labour with the other farmers.
Answer:Sekar does not go to the town market to get a better price for his paddy because he gets about 60 bags of paddy. Some of this will be sold to settle the loan and the rest will be used in his home. He does not have a surplus.
Mina: (Is sitting near her hut and the trader’s agent has come.) (There is fear in her eyes.) When the agent arrives she greets him politely and asks him to sit.
Agent: You have collected the paddy from the field I have come to buy it. After deducting the money taken by you as a loan, the rest of the money will be given to you.
Mina: I do not want to sell my paddy to you.
Agent: (In anger) Why? You do not have to go the market to sell it. I will save you time.
Mina: (Insists) I will give the loan.
Agent: (Rudely) I am asking why?
Mina: The market price is more and you are giving less.
Agent: Aha! We give money when you need it. Not the market. I will buy your paddy.
Answer:The differences between Sekar and Thulasi’s lives are:
|He owns a plot of land which is about 2 acres and works on his own.||She does not own way plot of land she works for big landowners.||He takes loans from the traders and to pay back the loans, he was to sell the paddy at a lower price.||When Thulasi took a loan, because her daughter was ill, she had to sell her cow.|
Answer:Ramalingam owns about 20 acres of paddy fields in Kalpattu.
Answer:The paddy is used to produce rice in the rice mill, which is then sold to the traders in nearby towns.
Answer:The other sources of his earnings are:
Answer:In India, about 2/5 rural families are agricultural labourers and what they earn is not sufficient to meet the expenses of the family. To improve their condition the government has to take necessary steps, e.g., to provide land, provide a credit on easy terms and give a high yielding variety of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc., help them in marketing their produce.
Answer:Both Sekar’s and Aruna’s families have to borrow because Sekar’s family owns about 2 acres of land and produces about 60 bags of paddy, which is not sufficient for his family. So he has to borrow money. Aruna’s family has to borrow money because four months in a year are the breeding season and men cannot go to the sea.
Answer:Tsunami is a Japanese word. It is made of two smaller words ‘Tsu’ and ‘Nami’. It is a killer wave. When the waves reach the coast, they gain both in height and speed. They cause wide destruction, wash away the villages. The villages are flooded with water debris floating on the water. It takes away everything which comes in its way.
The fishermen who live near the coast may have lost the huts and belongings. Many family members lost their lives and many children were either, orphaned or separated from their family.
Answer:Five non-farm work of people in Kalpattu village:
Answer:Different types of people who depend on farming are:
Answer:If I were a member of a fishing family then I must have taken loan from the bank for an engine to improve and to invest in the growth of the business. The engine is very costly and bank is a trusted institution from where we can borrow money. They have fixed terms and rates. They will not ask for shares in our profit and are reliable. Moreover, buying an engine will increase the income.
Answer:The situation is not fair in aspects of constitution of India. The constitution grants every person to be equal in terms of the provision of the facility. However, to be access to good medical facilities, good schools, and other resources there are many factors which can be responsible. A person might have worked very hard and earned money to provide himself good facilities rather than the others.
But, it is also the duty of the government to ensure atleast the good basic facilities to every citizen of the country irrespective of their income. The government can provide them loan for work, farming land, low cost fertilisers and seeds, setting up hospitals etc. to help them.
Answer:The government can do following things to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt:
|Land cultivated||About two acres.||About twenty acres.|
|Labour required||No labour required. Help is taken from other farmers during harvesting.||He hires labour to cultivate the large land.|
|Loans required||He requires loan for seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc. He takes loan from the trader.||He takes loans from govt, bank of establishing a rice mill.|
|Selling of harvest||He sells a few bags of paddy to pay back the loan.||Sells harvest to the traders or directly in the market, at the market price.|
|Other work done by them||He has a hybrid cow, whose milk he sells in the local milk cooperatives.||He owns a rice mill and a shop selling seeds, pesti-cides etc.|