Answer:After people elect their representatives, the elected representatives of the party who have the majority of representatives elect their leader. The leader is invited to form the government.
The majority party puts the proposal about any public issue. The issue is discussed in the house. If the majority of representatives support the issue/bill it is adopted and the decision is deemed as made.
Answer:The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults, above 18 years of age, who live in an area covered by the Panchayat. This could be a village or a few villages. Anyone who is 18 years old or more and has the right to vote can be a member of the Gram Sabha.
Answer:The problems discussed in the meeting of the Gram Sabha are :
Answer:Yes, there was a problem with the BPL list that the Gram Sabha was finalizing. The problem was that :
Answer:Soorajmal kept quiet even though Saroj asked him to speak because they were afraid of Amirchand. He was a big landowner and still had control over a lot of lands.
Answer:In the earlier incident given in the book, Bhagwan Mahadev Lad wanted that the water from the water tanker should be emptied into the storage tank so that everyone could use it. But the people said that water was meant for upper castes only. When he protested, he was severely beaten and had to be hospitalized.
This was the main reason why people kept quiet. This type of thing happens because some people are in a better position. They have money power as well as muscle power and people do not want to enter into conflict with such kinds of people.
Answer:The Gram Sabha is the main factor in making the Gram Panchayat play its role and be responsible. It is the place where all plans for the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people. The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from doing wrong things like misusing money or favor certain people.
It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and making them responsible to the persons who elected them.
Answer:It was decided by the Hardas Gram Panchayat to deepen two hand pumps and clean one well so that the village would not go without water. The members then discussed the long term options. The members wanted to know if the watershed program would make a substantial difference to the water level.
It was finally decided that the Gram Panchayat would approach the Block Development Officer and get more information on the scheme.
Answer:The Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat work for the welfare of the people of the village. They have to look after the needs of the villagers and hear their problems. They also have to offer solutions to their problems. The Hardas Gram Sabha offered both short-term and long-term decisions regarding water shortage in the village.
They had discussed the problem and offered how to solve the problem, to the villagers. Otherwise, the members of the Gram Sabha would have questioned the Gram Panchayat.
Answer:In the next Gram Sabha meeting, the members would certainly question and asked explanations about the watershed program and to know the views of the Block Development Officer.
Answer: The Sarpanch (Panchayat President) was invited by the school. We were eager to find out more about the villages and the functions of various organizations.
1st Person: Sir, you are the Panchayat President. Can you tell us about the work of the Gram Sabha and what projects have been undertaken by your Gram Panchayat?
Sarpanch: We call regular meetings of the Gram Sabha and discuss the problems faced by the villagers, then we implement the programs.
2nd Person: Can you enlist the programs undertaken by the Gram Panchayat?
Sarpanch: Gram Panchayat provides for the Construction of roads, footpaths, Water supply and electricity.
3rd Person: Can you tell us about some special projects undertaken by the Gram Panchayat?
Sarpanch: The main problem faced by the people of the village was water shortage during the summer months. This year with the help of the State Government, we have completed the rainwater harvesting program.
4th Person: What is this project?
Sarpanch: In this project, the rainwater is collected in such structures as dug wells, percolation pits, and check dams. The trenches are dug around the field. The roof water passes through the pipes and stored in tanks.
5th Person: How is this water used?
Sarpanch: It can be used for:
6th Person: It is very costly? How did people get the money?
Sarpanch: Yes, the project was costly. Some people took loans at an easy rate of interest.
7th Person: How did people use underground water?
Sarpanch: They got water through handpumps and water was drawn from the wells.
All the Persons: Thank you, sir, for your information.
Answer:Problem faced by the villagers in Hardas village:
Answer:Importance of Gram Sabha:
Answer:Link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat:
Answer:Gram Sabha in a village is like a tiny legislature. All adult inhabitants, above the age of 18 years are its members. It elects the Gram Panchayat, the executive, which actually looks after the administration of the village.
Nimone is a village on the Chauphula-Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water shortage for the last few months and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs. Bhagvan Mahadeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten with sticks, iron rods and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light w hen some villagers brought a badly injured Lad to hospital for treatment. In the FIR recorded by the police Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker water was not meant for the lower castes.Adapted from Indian Express, May 1, 2004
Answer:Watershed development is the conservation, recharging and judicious use of the water resources like, underground water, rivers etc. and lands within the watershed area.
Benefits of watershed development in an area: