Components of Food - NCERT Questions

Q 1.

Name the major nutrients in our food.


The major nutrients present in our food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.

Q 2.

Name the following.
(A) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
(B) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
(C) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
(D) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.


(A) Carbohydrates and fats
(B) Proteins
(C) Vitamin A
(D) Calcium

Q 3.

Name two foods each rich in:
(A) Fats
(B) Starch
(C) Dietary fibre
(D) Protein


(A) Ghee and butter
(B) Potato and rice
(C) Whole grains and fresh fruits
(D) Pulses and eggs

Q 4.

Tick (✔) the statements that are correct.
(A) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body.
(B) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet.
(C) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items.
(D) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body.


(A) False : We can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body by eating a wide variety of food and not by eating rice alone.
(B) True (✔)
(C) True (✔)
(D) False : A balanced diet consisting of a wide variety of nutrients is required to provide all nutrients to the body.

Q 5.

Fill in the blanks.
(A) ______ is caused by deficiency of vitamin D.
(B) Deficiency of ______ causes a disease known as beri-beri.
(C) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as ______.
(D) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ______ in our food.


(A) Rickets
(B) Vitamin B3
(C) Scurvy
(D) Vitamin A