Yes, you will have the courage to do what they did. Because discrimination in any form is fatal to human survival. So one should fight it to get the respect in the community, one should be brave enough to fight against the discrimination.
I agree with the opinion of Ashok to a certain extent. In the name of internal matter, all people should be involved in decision making. People should not be prevented from an open discussion of oppression and discrimination. Providing reservations in education and jobs merely doesn’t solve the problem of internal issues. If there is oppression and discrimination in the society, we cannot call ourselves a democratic nation.
Instead discussion can show us the way to eradicate all these practices and share happiness and sorrow with the deprived classes casually. This is what the true democracy is meant for.
No. This is not anti- national to feel so because the groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides on a different issue. For example the girls from Pakistan may speak Hindi , eat Punjab dishes on the other hand girls from Karnataka may speak Telugu and like to eat south India dishes. So, north Indian muslim girl can find more in common with Pakistani girls and that will not be an anti- national feeling.
(i) For me, this cartoon
reflects that various social differences have taken a giant form and one of the giant of the
society cuts its other organ i.e., it harms itself.
(ii) Other students in my class differ in their opinions. Some of them take it as the symbol of the use of money and muscle power in politics. Some others read it as a giant of social difference that beheads himself, etc.Other students have different opinions and perspectives.
The statement, ‘This
water tap is open to all castes and religions’ show that at one or the other stage of time,
the society practiced discrimination based on caste and religion which was later abolished
by someone who made the tap open to all. Earlier when discrimination was practised, people were not allowed to avail all opportunities.
The second poem reveals how people slept without having a handful of meal. These examples reflect social discrimination being practiced in the society. So, these have a proper heading i.e., ‘Hidden Apartheid’.
At home she is a girl
In terms of religion she is Muslim
In the school she is a class X student
In class X she is from section B
In the game she is a member of kho-kho team
In the family she is Naima’s younger sister
(i) Yes, Mahashweta is right
when she says that it was a story of our own country.
(ii) Nuts, Banjaras and some Dalit castes are treated in such an unjustified way like the Romas, in our country.
Yes many people behave like Yordanka or Modruzeni. We should think ourselves in the position of Dalits while treating them, how we will feel if we are treated like that. We should realize that various social and economic factors are responsible for these pathetic conditions and must give equal chances for marginalised people to improve.
Bulgarian government should not try this. In democracy, every people have the freedom of dress and behaviour of his/her choice if not harms others. No one can compel a particular community to dress other than their own identified dress until and unless it doesn’t harm anyone. Because in democracy, every one’s identity must be protected.
The graffiti tells us in how people used to be discriminated on the basis of colour and origin, the people used to hate Blacks and Irish. In 2005, in Belfast, racism has been prohibited and people treat each other’s equally without any prejudice.
It does not mean that social differences have been abolished. It means that people started accepting the differences in a peaceful manner.
(i) In cricket, few decades ago,
the Blacks were banned from becoming captain of the South- African team.
(ii) Even today games like Polo, Billiards, Golf, car racing are beyond the reach of the poor people.
(i) Existence of social
divisions reflect the multicultural facet of the society. Divisions, whether big or small,
can be bad or good depends on various factors such as how do they identify themselves, how
their demands raised and what is the reaction of the rulers.
(ii) Not exactly, but yes politics has the force to unite the country. It depends how do the political leaders from different communities think and how much flexible they are.
Following are the three factors crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social division:
Social difference means when there is difference in people based on language, colour, origin and race. Social division takes place when some social difference overlaps with many other social differences. Situations of the kind when one kind of social difference becomes more important than the other and people start feeling that they belong to different communities, gives rise to the social divisions. In India, marginalised people tend to be poor and landless. They often face discrimination and injustice.
(i) If social division is of such type that people see their identities in singular and
exclusive terms, it becomes very difficult to accommodate. . In India, many people vote based on religion or caste. It often leads to electoral win of dishonest and corrupt leaders.
(ii) ) If rulers are willing to share power and accommodate the reasonable demand of minority community, social division becomes less threatening. For example, in India because of secular characteristics, there is no division of country on the basis of religion after independence.
Answer: Overlapping, Cross- cutting.
In dealing with social divisions which one
of the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?
(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions get reflected in politics.
(b) In a democracy it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peaceful manner.
(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate special diversity.
(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the bais of social divisions.
(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.
B) A and B
Social division can exist in any part of the world no matter how small or big a country is. In the social division, it is possible that a person can have multiple identities.
Answer: (a) D, B, C, A
(c) Yugoslavia- Political competition along religious ending ethnic lines led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia into six independent countries.
(i) He is talking about social division based on singular identity, i.e., overlapping social
(ii) He wants a society that practice equality and free of any type of discrimination. He is worrying about identifying people by their skin colour and not judged by the content of their character.
(iii) Yes. His speech reflects the pain of social division based on the colour of skin. As this was also reflected and protested by the Black Olympians at Mexico Olympics.